Home of Javan Rhinocherus and Black Banteng
Ujung Kulon National Park is the most south west tip of Java island which is now a preserved area of around 760 square kms home to the one-horned Rhinocherus or in Indonesian called " Badak cula satu". Black wild cows or Banteng are also live here beside variety of some birds and smaller animals. Normal tour to Ujung Kulon is 4 days/3 night in case departure can be very early morning from Jakarta, started from hotel in Jakarta driving a car to the village of Sumur. From Sumur ride boat to a place called Handeuleum where you can install a camp. Early morning trekking to a place called Jamang for install a camp of overnight at ranger's house. Next day explore the park area at the place called Alang Alang and the nearby beaches then return to Ranger's post. Seeing the Rhino and Banteng is not guaranteed, except longer time to wait at their habitat.
Duration : 3 days / 2 nights
Start / Finish : Sumur / Sumur
Grade : Easy - Moderate
Day 01 Sumur - Handeleum (D)
Upon arrival at Sumur harbor, onboard for sailing to Handeleum island, a small island about 3 hrs sail form Sumur. We will be arriving here in the afternoon. Check in to the local lodge and free on your won to explore the floral and faunal life of the park. The lodge on thie island is a small, and very simple lodge only. Our side communal bathroom, no electricity here. Dinner provided at the lodge.
Day 02 Handeleum - Peucang Island(B,L,D)
Canoeing to Cigenter river. it is a murky river which is a god place to canoe. We will do about 1 hrs up river and another 1 hr doewnrover. If we are lucky, we will be able to see some park faunas such as birds and snakes. Then back to Handeleum, prepare for departure to Peucang Island by regular wooden boat. Upon arrival at Peucang Island, check in to the guesthouse. Then in the afternoon, walk to Karang Copong, a small cape on the northern tip of Peucang island. From here, we can enjoy nice sunset in the bight clear weather. Back to the lodge and dinner.
Day 03 Peucang Island- Cidaun Grass Land- Sumur (B)
Morning after breakfast, visit watching wild game at the Cidaon grassing ground, then return to Sumur village. Then from here, you can drive back to Jakarta.
End or service
~ Normal wooden boat
~ Accommodation at Guesthouse Standard non-conditioned room in Handeleum and Peucang Island in twin share basis.
~ Meals as indicated on the itinerary (B: Breakfast, L : Lunch, D : Dinner)
~ Mineral water when trekking at Ujung Kulon National Park
~ Tours & Services mentioned on the itinerary.
~ Entry Fees & Donations.
~ English speaking guide
~ Land Transport Jakarta - Sumur - Jakarta.
Prices do not include
~ Travel Insurance
~ Extra Meals & Beverages (Alcoholic, Soft drink, Mini bar at hotel)
~ Private camping gears (Mattress and Sleeping bag)
~ Optional Tours & Services are not mentioned on the itinerary
~ Private expenses (Laundry, Phone call etc)
~ Any expenses due to flight delay or flight cancellation
Thing to bring
Comfort and proper rucksack, Rain coat and sweater / polartec fleece, Hat, Sun Lotion, Sun glass, Insect repellent, Mini towel, Towel, Toiletries, Trekking shoe with extra socks, Slipper, Cotton skirt and long sleeve, short pants, Small binocular, Flash light with extra bulb and battery, personal medical kit, Camera + extra films, swimming gear and other personal gear.
Ujungkulon National Park, Indonesia's leading park, a world heritage site
and the habitat of the endangered Javan Rhinoceros, holds a rich and diverse
wilderness of high conservation value.
The park has a wide variety of vegetation with tropical primary rain forest, lowland forest, mangroves, freshwater swamp, and coastal vegetation. Within these is a great diversity of flowering and fruiting plants.
The diversity can also be seen in its wildlife. Over 310 species have been recorded including mammals, reptiles, birds and numerous insects, with possibly many insect species still to be discovered. The reefs and surroundings seas are rich in corals, shell life, and colorful fish that thrive in the warm, clear water of the park.
Ujungkulon National Park is situated at the Southwestern tip of the island of Java, in the administrative district of Pandeglang regency of the Province of West Java.
Geographically, it is situated just below 6 degrees latitude south and between 102 and 105 degrees longitude east.
The park consists of several geographic areas. These areas the triangular shaped Ujungkulon peninsula with its adjacent island of Handeuleum and Peucang, the Gunung Honje Range to the east, and the large island of Panaitan make up the 76,214 hectare land area of the park. The surrounding sea and corals reefs contribute a further 44,337 hectares to the total 120,551 hectares of Ujungkulon National Park.
In this extremely valuable conservation area, with its range of tropical flora, fauna and natural features, first priority is given to the protection and preservation of everything that accurse naturally within the park. Ujungkulon is also an important area for scientific, research, tourism and recreation.
The Topography of Ujungkulon National Park varies from the forested hills of Gunung Honje Range with peaks up to 620 meters, to the lowlands of the Ujungkulon Peninsula with its tropic forest, wetlands and meandering rivers. Again at the far western end off the Peninsula the land rises out from the Gunung Payung Range with its thickly forested summits rising to 480 meters. On the island of Panaitan are two district ranges of hills with the highest point, Gunung Raksa at 320 meters.
Ujungkulon National Park has a tropical maritime climate with an average annual rainfall off 3,140 mm. Recorded at Tanjung Layar. During April to October the monthly rainfall averages 150 mm, with the driest months being July to September. The wetter season from November to March is caused by the west winds. Throughout the year the temperature ranges from 25 to 30 degrees with the humidity generally between 80 - 90%.
Located to the northeast on the mainland peninsula is the calcified terraces and stalactites created by the waters the Citerjun. These are the remnants of the once spectacular formations recorded by early mariners that were destroyed by the Krakatau tidal waves of 1883.
Situated on the Peninsula opposite Peucang Island, this large grassland with an observation tower is the grazing ground for Banteng, pigs, monkeys, and peafowl and on very rare occasions Javan rhinoceros. Early morning or evening are the best times to visit.
There are two ways of reaching Tanjung Layar. For those choosing the shorter
walk, the boat travels 3 km west to the peninsula shore at Cibom. At Cibom
are the remains of a proposed naval port that was begun in 1808 and then
abandoned because of hardships and a nearby shelter contains information
about the region.
The trail follows the coastline west passing the current lighthouse. From this tower are spectacular views of the rugged headlands and islands below (permission must be obtained from the lighthouse staff to enter the property and to climb the lighthouse tower. The route continues to the ruins of early buildings from where a stairway climbs a 40 meter bluff to the Tanjung Layar Historical Site where two previous lighthouses and staff quarters were constructed in the 1800’s during the era of Dutch in Indonesia
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